【Azure 環境】在Windows系統中 使用Terraform建立中國區Azure資源步驟(入門級)

路邊兩盞燈 發表於 2021-04-21

Terraform(全稱:Hashicorp Terraform )是一種開源工具,用於預配和管理雲基礎結構。 它將基礎結構編入描述雲資源拓撲的配置檔案中。 這些資源包括虛擬機器、儲存帳戶和網路介面等。

本文介紹在Windows系統中,如何安裝Terraform,並且根據Azure的示例模板建立,在中國區建立一個虛擬機器(VM)的入門級教程。

 

安裝Terraform

Terraform的Windows版本為一個.exe檔案,下載後把放置在自定義的資料夾中,最後配置號系統的PATH即可。

  • 下載Terraform(https://www.terraform.io/downloads.html),根據情況選擇Windows 32-bit版 或 64-bit版
  • 解壓檔案,複製到目標資料夾中,如:C:\LBWorkSpace\tool
  • 配置系統PATH路徑
  • 開啟CMD,使用Terraform --version測試

【Azure 環境】在Windows系統中 使用Terraform建立中國區Azure資源步驟(入門級)

準備建立VM的Terraform模板

準備Terraform模板,參考Azure的官方文件:使用 Terraform 在 Azure 中建立帶有基礎結構的 Linux VM。可以一步一步的編寫模板,也可全部COPY至本地,並命名為:terraform_azure.tf(名字可以隨便改動,檔案字尾名tf不可變)。 

【Azure 環境】在Windows系統中 使用Terraform建立中國區Azure資源步驟(入門級)
  1 # Configure the Microsoft Azure Provider
  2 provider "azurerm" {
  3     # The "feature" block is required for AzureRM provider 2.x. 
  4     # If you're using version 1.x, the "features" block is not allowed.
  5     version = "~>2.0"
  6     features {}
  7 }
  8 
  9 # Create a resource group if it doesn't exist
 10 resource "azurerm_resource_group" "myterraformgroup" {
 11     name     = "myResourceGroup"
 12     location = "chinaeast"
 13 
 14     tags = {
 15         environment = "Terraform Demo"
 16     }
 17 }
 18 
 19 # Create virtual network
 20 resource "azurerm_virtual_network" "myterraformnetwork" {
 21     name                = "myVnet"
 22     address_space       = ["10.0.0.0/16"]
 23     location            = "chinaeast"
 24     resource_group_name = azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup.name
 25 
 26     tags = {
 27         environment = "Terraform Demo"
 28     }
 29 }
 30 
 31 # Create subnet
 32 resource "azurerm_subnet" "myterraformsubnet" {
 33     name                 = "mySubnet"
 34     resource_group_name  = azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup.name
 35     virtual_network_name = azurerm_virtual_network.myterraformnetwork.name
 36     address_prefixes       = ["10.0.1.0/24"]
 37 }
 38 
 39 # Create public IPs
 40 resource "azurerm_public_ip" "myterraformpublicip" {
 41     name                         = "myPublicIP"
 42     location                     = "chinaeast"
 43     resource_group_name          = azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup.name
 44     allocation_method            = "Dynamic"
 45 
 46     tags = {
 47         environment = "Terraform Demo"
 48     }
 49 }
 50 
 51 # Create Network Security Group and rule
 52 resource "azurerm_network_security_group" "myterraformnsg" {
 53     name                = "myNetworkSecurityGroup"
 54     location            = "chinaeast"
 55     resource_group_name = azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup.name
 56 
 57     security_rule {
 58         name                       = "SSH"
 59         priority                   = 1001
 60         direction                  = "Inbound"
 61         access                     = "Allow"
 62         protocol                   = "Tcp"
 63         source_port_range          = "*"
 64         destination_port_range     = "22"
 65         source_address_prefix      = "*"
 66         destination_address_prefix = "*"
 67     }
 68 
 69     tags = {
 70         environment = "Terraform Demo"
 71     }
 72 }
 73 
 74 # Create network interface
 75 resource "azurerm_network_interface" "myterraformnic" {
 76     name                      = "myNIC"
 77     location                  = "chinaeast"
 78     resource_group_name       = azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup.name
 79 
 80     ip_configuration {
 81         name                          = "myNicConfiguration"
 82         subnet_id                     = azurerm_subnet.myterraformsubnet.id
 83         private_ip_address_allocation = "Dynamic"
 84         public_ip_address_id          = azurerm_public_ip.myterraformpublicip.id
 85     }
 86 
 87     tags = {
 88         environment = "Terraform Demo"
 89     }
 90 }
 91 
 92 # Connect the security group to the network interface
 93 resource "azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association" "example" {
 94     network_interface_id      = azurerm_network_interface.myterraformnic.id
 95     network_security_group_id = azurerm_network_security_group.myterraformnsg.id
 96 }
 97 
 98 # Generate random text for a unique storage account name
 99 resource "random_id" "randomId" {
100     keepers = {
101         # Generate a new ID only when a new resource group is defined
102         resource_group = azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup.name
103     }
104 
105     byte_length = 8
106 }
107 
108 # Create storage account for boot diagnostics
109 resource "azurerm_storage_account" "mystorageaccount" {
110     name                        = "diag${random_id.randomId.hex}"
111     resource_group_name         = azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup.name
112     location                    = "chinaeast"
113     account_tier                = "Standard"
114     account_replication_type    = "LRS"
115 
116     tags = {
117         environment = "Terraform Demo"
118     }
119 }
120 
121 # Create (and display) an SSH key
122 resource "tls_private_key" "example_ssh" {
123   algorithm = "RSA"
124   rsa_bits = 4096
125 }
126 #output "tls_private_key" { value = tls_private_key.example_ssh.private_key_pem }
127 
128 # Create virtual machine
129 resource "azurerm_linux_virtual_machine" "myterraformvm" {
130     name                  = "myVM"
131     location              = "chinaeast"
132     resource_group_name   = azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup.name
133     network_interface_ids = [azurerm_network_interface.myterraformnic.id]
134     size                  = "Standard_DS1_v2"
135 
136     os_disk {
137         name              = "myOsDisk"
138         caching           = "ReadWrite"
139         storage_account_type = "Premium_LRS"
140     }
141 
142     source_image_reference {
143         publisher = "Canonical"
144         offer     = "UbuntuServer"
145         sku       = "18.04-LTS"
146         version   = "latest"
147     }
148 
149     computer_name  = "myvm"
150     admin_username = "azureuser"
151     disable_password_authentication = true
152 
153     admin_ssh_key {
154         username       = "azureuser"
155         public_key     = tls_private_key.example_ssh.public_key_openssh
156     }
157 
158     boot_diagnostics {
159         storage_account_uri = azurerm_storage_account.mystorageaccount.primary_blob_endpoint
160     }
161 
162     tags = {
163         environment = "Terraform Demo"
164     }
165 }
View Code

 

完成 Terraform 指令碼https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/azure/developer/terraform/create-linux-virtual-machine-with-infrastructure#complete-terraform-script

 

登入到中國區Azure

本文使用Visual Studio Code工具來展示命令及Terraform指令碼,也可以直接使用PowerShell視窗。

一:開啟VS Code,使用 az cloud set --name AzureChinaCloud 設定登入環境為China Azure。

二:使用 az login 登入

三:如有多個訂閱號,可以使用 az account set --subscription "your subscription id" 指定資源所建立的訂閱  

【Azure 環境】在Windows系統中 使用Terraform建立中國區Azure資源步驟(入門級)

執行Terraform init, plan, apply命令

第一步:初始化 terraform init

命令

terraform init

輸出

PS C:\LBWorkSpace\MyCode\24-Terraform> terraform init

Initializing the backend...

Initializing provider plugins...
- Reusing previous version of hashicorp/tls from the dependency lock file
- Reusing previous version of hashicorp/azurerm from the dependency lock file
- Reusing previous version of hashicorp/random from the dependency lock file
- Using previously-installed hashicorp/tls v3.1.0
- Using previously-installed hashicorp/azurerm v2.56.0
- Using previously-installed hashicorp/random v3.1.0

╷
│ Warning: Version constraints inside provider configuration blocks are deprecated
│ 
│   on terraform_azure.tf line 5, in provider "azurerm":
│    5:     version = "~>2.0"
│ 
│ Terraform 0.13 and earlier allowed provider version constraints inside the provider configuration block, but that is now deprecated and will 
│ be removed in a future version of Terraform. To silence this warning, move the provider version constraint into the required_providers block.
╵

Terraform has been successfully initialized!

You may now begin working with Terraform. Try running "terraform plan" to see
any changes that are required for your infrastructure. All Terraform commands
should now work.

If you ever set or change modules or backend configuration for Terraform,
rerun this command to reinitialize your working directory. If you forget, other
commands will detect it and remind you to do so if necessary.

第二步:檢查並驗證模板 terraform plan

命令

terraform plan

輸出

PS C:\LBWorkSpace\MyCode\24-Terraform> terraform plan
tls_private_key.example_ssh: Refreshing state... [id=4b9fa2d1e40856b8ed19e1978c7713feb660ce9b]
azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/a9dc7515-7692-4316-9ad4-762f383eec10/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup]
╷
│ Warning: Version constraints inside provider configuration blocks are deprecated
│ 
│   on terraform_azure.tf line 5, in provider "azurerm":
│    5:     version = "~>2.0"
│ 
│ Terraform 0.13 and earlier allowed provider version constraints inside the provider configuration block, but that is now deprecated and will be removed in a future version of Terraform. To silence this
│ warning, move the provider version constraint into the required_providers block.
╵
╷
│ Error: "eastus" was not found in the list of supported Azure Locations: "chinaeast,chinanorth,chinanorth2,chinaeast2"
│ 
│   on terraform_azure.tf line 10, in resource "azurerm_resource_group" "myterraformgroup":
│   10: resource "azurerm_resource_group" "myterraformgroup" {
│ 
╵
╷
│ Error: Output refers to sensitive values
│ 
│   on terraform_azure.tf line 126:
│  126: output "tls_private_key" { value = tls_private_key.example_ssh.private_key_pem }
│ 
│ Expressions used in outputs can only refer to sensitive values if the sensitive attribute is true.
╵
PS C:\LBWorkSpace\MyCode\24-Terraform> 

注意:在檢查模板時候有兩個錯誤,是因為copy的terraform模板是建立在global azure的,而當前是在中國區azure,所以需要修改location從eastus到chinaeast或其他。 第二個錯誤output輸出可以暫時註釋126行模板即可。修改完成後,再次使用terraform plan命令檢查模板,輸出結果中會包含模板中將要建立,修改的資源列表。

第三步:構建模板中的資源 terraform apply

命令

terraform apply

輸出(apply命令需要在執行前手動輸入yes,然後開始真正執行建立資源。當建立完成後,可以看見Apply complete! Resources: 9 added, 0 changed, 0 destroyed.提示訊息)

【Azure 環境】在Windows系統中 使用Terraform建立中國區Azure資源步驟(入門級)
PS C:\LBWorkSpace\MyCode\24-Terraform> terraform apply
tls_private_key.example_ssh: Refreshing state... [id=4b9fa2d1e40856b8ed19e1978c7713feb660ce9b]
azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup]
random_id.randomId: Refreshing state... [id=nOAZzlk4_VY]
azurerm_network_security_group.myterraformnsg: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/myNetworkSecurityGroup]
azurerm_virtual_network.myterraformnetwork: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/myVnet]  
azurerm_public_ip.myterraformpublicip: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/myPublicIP] 
azurerm_storage_account.mystorageaccount: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/diag9ce019ce5938fd56]
azurerm_subnet.myterraformsubnet: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/myVnet/subnets/mySubnet]
azurerm_network_interface.myterraformnic: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/myNIC]
azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association.example: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/myNIC|/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/myNetworkSecurityGroup]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Refreshing state... [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/myVM]

Terraform used the selected providers to generate the following execution plan. Resource actions are indicated with the following symbols:
  + create

Terraform will perform the following actions:

  # azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm will be created
  + resource "azurerm_linux_virtual_machine" "myterraformvm" {
      + admin_username                  = "azureuser"
      + allow_extension_operations      = true
      + computer_name                   = "myvm"
      + disable_password_authentication = true
      + extensions_time_budget          = "PT1H30M"
      + id                              = (known after apply)
      + location                        = "chinaeast"
      + max_bid_price                   = -1
      + name                            = "myVM"
      + network_interface_ids           = (known after apply)
      + platform_fault_domain           = -1
      + priority                        = "Regular"
      + private_ip_address              = (known after apply)
      + private_ip_addresses            = (known after apply)
      + provision_vm_agent              = true
      + public_ip_address               = (known after apply)
      + public_ip_addresses             = (known after apply)
      + resource_group_name             = "myResourceGroup"
      + size                            = "Standard_DS1_v2"
      + tags                            = {
          + "environment" = "Terraform Demo"
        }
      + virtual_machine_id              = (known after apply)
      + zone                            = (known after apply)

      + admin_ssh_key {
          + public_key = <<-EOT
                ssh-rsa xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
            EOT
          + username   = "azureuser"
        }

      + boot_diagnostics {
          + storage_account_uri = (known after apply)
        }

      + os_disk {
          + caching                   = "ReadWrite"
          + disk_size_gb              = (known after apply)
          + name                      = "myOsDisk"
          + storage_account_type      = "Premium_LRS"
          + write_accelerator_enabled = false
        }

      + source_image_reference {
          + offer     = "UbuntuServer"
          + publisher = "Canonical"
          + sku       = "18.04-LTS"
          + version   = "latest"
        }
    }

  # azurerm_network_interface.myterraformnic will be created
  + resource "azurerm_network_interface" "myterraformnic" {
      + applied_dns_servers           = (known after apply)
      + dns_servers                   = (known after apply)
      + enable_accelerated_networking = false
      + enable_ip_forwarding          = false
      + id                            = (known after apply)
      + internal_dns_name_label       = (known after apply)
      + internal_domain_name_suffix   = (known after apply)
      + location                      = "chinaeast"
      + mac_address                   = (known after apply)
      + name                          = "myNIC"
      + private_ip_address            = (known after apply)
      + private_ip_addresses          = (known after apply)
      + resource_group_name           = "myResourceGroup"
      + tags                          = {
          + "environment" = "Terraform Demo"
        }
      + virtual_machine_id            = (known after apply)

      + ip_configuration {
          + name                          = "myNicConfiguration"
          + primary                       = (known after apply)
          + private_ip_address            = (known after apply)
          + private_ip_address_allocation = "dynamic"
          + private_ip_address_version    = "IPv4"
          + public_ip_address_id          = (known after apply)
          + subnet_id                     = (known after apply)
        }
    }

  # azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association.example will be created
  + resource "azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association" "example" {
      + id                        = (known after apply)
      + network_interface_id      = (known after apply)
      + network_security_group_id = (known after apply)
    }

  # azurerm_network_security_group.myterraformnsg will be created
  + resource "azurerm_network_security_group" "myterraformnsg" {
      + id                  = (known after apply)
      + location            = "chinaeast"
      + name                = "myNetworkSecurityGroup"
      + resource_group_name = "myResourceGroup"
      + security_rule       = [
          + {
              + access                                     = "Allow"
              + description                                = ""
              + destination_address_prefix                 = "*"
              + destination_address_prefixes               = []
              + destination_application_security_group_ids = []
              + destination_port_range                     = "22"
              + destination_port_ranges                    = []
              + direction                                  = "Inbound"
              + name                                       = "SSH"
              + priority                                   = 1001
              + protocol                                   = "Tcp"
              + source_address_prefix                      = "*"
              + source_address_prefixes                    = []
              + source_application_security_group_ids      = []
              + source_port_range                          = "*"
              + source_port_ranges                         = []
            },
        ]
      + tags                = {
          + "environment" = "Terraform Demo"
        }
    }

  # azurerm_public_ip.myterraformpublicip will be created
  + resource "azurerm_public_ip" "myterraformpublicip" {
      + allocation_method       = "Dynamic"
      + fqdn                    = (known after apply)
      + id                      = (known after apply)
      + idle_timeout_in_minutes = 4
      + ip_address              = (known after apply)
      + ip_version              = "IPv4"
      + location                = "chinaeast"
      + name                    = "myPublicIP"
      + resource_group_name     = "myResourceGroup"
      + sku                     = "Basic"
      + tags                    = {
          + "environment" = "Terraform Demo"
        }
    }

  # azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup will be created
  + resource "azurerm_resource_group" "myterraformgroup" {
      + id       = (known after apply)
      + location = "chinaeast"
      + name     = "myResourceGroup"
      + tags     = {
          + "environment" = "Terraform Demo"
        }
    }

  # azurerm_storage_account.mystorageaccount will be created
  + resource "azurerm_storage_account" "mystorageaccount" {
      + access_tier                      = (known after apply)
      + account_kind                     = "StorageV2"
      + account_replication_type         = "LRS"
      + account_tier                     = "Standard"
      + allow_blob_public_access         = false
      + enable_https_traffic_only        = true
      + id                               = (known after apply)
      + is_hns_enabled                   = false
      + large_file_share_enabled         = (known after apply)
      + location                         = "chinaeast"
      + min_tls_version                  = "TLS1_0"
      + name                             = "diag9ce019ce5938fd56"
      + primary_access_key               = (sensitive value)
      + primary_blob_connection_string   = (sensitive value)
      + primary_blob_endpoint            = (known after apply)
      + primary_blob_host                = (known after apply)
      + primary_connection_string        = (sensitive value)
      + primary_dfs_endpoint             = (known after apply)
      + primary_dfs_host                 = (known after apply)
      + primary_file_endpoint            = (known after apply)
      + primary_file_host                = (known after apply)
      + primary_location                 = (known after apply)
      + primary_queue_endpoint           = (known after apply)
      + primary_queue_host               = (known after apply)
      + primary_table_endpoint           = (known after apply)
      + primary_table_host               = (known after apply)
      + primary_web_endpoint             = (known after apply)
      + primary_web_host                 = (known after apply)
      + resource_group_name              = "myResourceGroup"
      + secondary_access_key             = (sensitive value)
      + secondary_blob_connection_string = (sensitive value)
      + secondary_blob_endpoint          = (known after apply)
      + secondary_blob_host              = (known after apply)
      + secondary_connection_string      = (sensitive value)
      + secondary_dfs_endpoint           = (known after apply)
      + secondary_dfs_host               = (known after apply)
      + secondary_file_endpoint          = (known after apply)
      + secondary_file_host              = (known after apply)
      + secondary_location               = (known after apply)
      + secondary_queue_endpoint         = (known after apply)
      + secondary_queue_host             = (known after apply)
      + secondary_table_endpoint         = (known after apply)
      + secondary_table_host             = (known after apply)
      + secondary_web_endpoint           = (known after apply)
      + secondary_web_host               = (known after apply)
      + tags                             = {
          + "environment" = "Terraform Demo"
        }

      + blob_properties {
          + container_delete_retention_policy {
              + days = (known after apply)
            }

          + cors_rule {
              + allowed_headers    = (known after apply)
              + allowed_methods    = (known after apply)
              + allowed_origins    = (known after apply)
              + exposed_headers    = (known after apply)
              + max_age_in_seconds = (known after apply)
            }

          + delete_retention_policy {
              + days = (known after apply)
            }
        }

      + identity {
          + principal_id = (known after apply)
          + tenant_id    = (known after apply)
          + type         = (known after apply)
        }

      + network_rules {
          + bypass                     = (known after apply)
          + default_action             = (known after apply)
          + ip_rules                   = (known after apply)
          + virtual_network_subnet_ids = (known after apply)
        }

      + queue_properties {
          + cors_rule {
              + allowed_headers    = (known after apply)
              + allowed_methods    = (known after apply)
              + allowed_origins    = (known after apply)
              + exposed_headers    = (known after apply)
              + max_age_in_seconds = (known after apply)
            }

          + hour_metrics {
              + enabled               = (known after apply)
              + include_apis          = (known after apply)
              + retention_policy_days = (known after apply)
              + version               = (known after apply)
            }

          + logging {
              + delete                = (known after apply)
              + read                  = (known after apply)
              + retention_policy_days = (known after apply)
              + version               = (known after apply)
              + write                 = (known after apply)
            }

          + minute_metrics {
              + enabled               = (known after apply)
              + include_apis          = (known after apply)
              + retention_policy_days = (known after apply)
              + version               = (known after apply)
            }
        }
    }

  # azurerm_subnet.myterraformsubnet will be created
  + resource "azurerm_subnet" "myterraformsubnet" {
      + address_prefix                                 = (known after apply)
      + address_prefixes                               = [
          + "10.0.1.0/24",
        ]
      + enforce_private_link_endpoint_network_policies = false
      + enforce_private_link_service_network_policies  = false
      + id                                             = (known after apply)
      + name                                           = "mySubnet"
      + resource_group_name                            = "myResourceGroup"
      + virtual_network_name                           = "myVnet"
    }

  # azurerm_virtual_network.myterraformnetwork will be created
  + resource "azurerm_virtual_network" "myterraformnetwork" {
      + address_space         = [
          + "10.0.0.0/16",
        ]
      + guid                  = (known after apply)
      + id                    = (known after apply)
      + location              = "chinaeast"
      + name                  = "myVnet"
      + resource_group_name   = "myResourceGroup"
      + subnet                = (known after apply)
      + tags                  = {
          + "environment" = "Terraform Demo"
        }
      + vm_protection_enabled = false
    }

Plan: 9 to add, 0 to change, 0 to destroy.
╷
│ Warning: Version constraints inside provider configuration blocks are deprecated
│
│   on terraform_azure.tf line 5, in provider "azurerm":
│    5:     version = "~>2.0"
│
│ Terraform 0.13 and earlier allowed provider version constraints inside the provider configuration block, but that is now deprecated and will be removed in a future version of Terraform. To silence this 
│ warning, move the provider version constraint into the required_providers block.
╵

Do you want to perform these actions?
  Terraform will perform the actions described above.
  Only 'yes' will be accepted to approve.

  Enter a value: yes

azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup: Creating...
azurerm_resource_group.myterraformgroup: Creation complete after 1s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup]
azurerm_virtual_network.myterraformnetwork: Creating...
azurerm_public_ip.myterraformpublicip: Creating...
azurerm_network_security_group.myterraformnsg: Creating...
azurerm_storage_account.mystorageaccount: Creating...
azurerm_public_ip.myterraformpublicip: Creation complete after 3s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses/myPublicIP]
azurerm_virtual_network.myterraformnetwork: Creation complete after 6s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/myVnet]
azurerm_subnet.myterraformsubnet: Creating...
azurerm_network_security_group.myterraformnsg: Creation complete after 5s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/myNetworkSecurityGroup]
azurerm_storage_account.mystorageaccount: Still creating... [10s elapsed]
azurerm_subnet.myterraformsubnet: Creation complete after 5s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/myVnet/subnets/mySubnet]
azurerm_network_interface.myterraformnic: Creating...
azurerm_network_interface.myterraformnic: Creation complete after 2s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/myNIC]
azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association.example: Creating...
azurerm_network_interface_security_group_association.example: Creation complete after 0s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces/myNIC|/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups/myNetworkSecurityGroup]
azurerm_storage_account.mystorageaccount: Still creating... [20s elapsed]
azurerm_storage_account.mystorageaccount: Creation complete after 23s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts/diag9ce019ce5938fd56]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Creating...
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [10s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [20s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [30s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [40s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [50s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [1m0s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [1m10s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [1m20s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [1m30s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [1m40s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Still creating... [1m50s elapsed]
azurerm_linux_virtual_machine.myterraformvm: Creation complete after 1m51s [id=/subscriptions/xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx/resourceGroups/myResourceGroup/providers/Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/myVM]

Apply complete! Resources: 9 added, 0 changed, 0 destroyed.
View Code

 

恭喜!踏入Terraform建立Azure資源大門。

 

參考資料

“Azure 上的 Terraform”文件: https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/azure/developer/terraform/

使用 Terraform 在 Azure 中建立帶有基礎結構的 Linux VM: https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/azure/developer/terraform/create-linux-virtual-machine-with-infrastructure#complete-terraform-script

Install Azure CLI on Windows:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/cli/azure/install-azure-cli-windows?tabs=azure-powershell