java 檔案處理 工具類

FH-Admin 發表於 2021-09-30
Java
package com.fh.util;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.RandomAccessFile;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.MappedByteBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel;
import java.nio.channels.FileChannel.MapMode;

/**
 * 說明:檔案處理
 * 作者:FH Admin
 * from:fhadmin.cn
 */
public class FileUtil {

    /**獲取檔案大小 返回 KB 保留3位小數  沒有檔案時返回0
     * @param filepath 檔案完整路徑,包括檔名
     * @return
     */
    public static Double getFilesize(String filepath){
        File backupath = new File(filepath);
        return Double.valueOf(backupath.length())/1000.000;
    }

    /**
     * 建立目錄
     * @param destDirName目標目錄名
     * @return 
     */
    public static Boolean createDir(String destDirName) {
        File dir = new File(destDirName);
        if(!dir.getParentFile().exists()){                //判斷有沒有父路徑,就是判斷檔案整個路徑是否存在
            return dir.getParentFile().mkdirs();        //不存在就全部建立
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * 刪除檔案
     * @param filePathAndName
     *            String 檔案路徑及名稱 如c:/fqf.txt
     * @param fileContent
     *            String
     * @return boolean
     */
    public static void delFile(String filePathAndName) {
        try {
            String filePath = filePathAndName;
            filePath = filePath.toString();
            java.io.File myDelFile = new java.io.File(filePath);
            myDelFile.delete();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("刪除檔案操作出錯");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 讀取到位元組陣列0
     * @param filePath //路徑
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static byte[] getContent(String filePath) throws IOException {
        File file = new File(filePath);
        long fileSize = file.length();
        if (fileSize > Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
            System.out.println("file too big...");
            return null;
        }
        FileInputStream fi = new FileInputStream(file);
        byte[] buffer = new byte[(int) fileSize];
        int offset = 0;
        int numRead = 0;
        while (offset < buffer.length
                && (numRead = fi.read(buffer, offset, buffer.length - offset)) >= 0) {
            offset += numRead;
        }
        // 確保所有資料均被讀取
        if (offset != buffer.length) {
            throw new IOException("Could not completely read file " + file.getName());
        }
        fi.close();
        return buffer;
    }

    /**
     * 讀取到位元組陣列1
     * 
     * @param filePath
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static byte[] toByteArray(String filePath) throws IOException {

        File f = new File(filePath);
        if (!f.exists()) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException(filePath);
        }
        ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream((int) f.length());
        BufferedInputStream in = null;
        try {
            in = new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(f));
            int buf_size = 1024;
            byte[] buffer = new byte[buf_size];
            int len = 0;
            while (-1 != (len = in.read(buffer, 0, buf_size))) {
                bos.write(buffer, 0, len);
            }
            return bos.toByteArray();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw e;
        } finally {
            try {
                in.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            bos.close();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 讀取到位元組陣列2
     * 
     * @param filePath
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static byte[] toByteArray2(String filePath) throws IOException {
        File f = new File(filePath);
        if (!f.exists()) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException(filePath);
        }
        FileChannel channel = null;
        FileInputStream fs = null;
        try {
            fs = new FileInputStream(f);
            channel = fs.getChannel();
            ByteBuffer byteBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocate((int) channel.size());
            while ((channel.read(byteBuffer)) > 0) {
                // do nothing
                // System.out.println("reading");
            }
            return byteBuffer.array();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw e;
        } finally {
            try {
                channel.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            try {
                fs.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Mapped File way MappedByteBuffer 可以在處理大檔案時,提升效能
     * 
     * @param filename
     * @return
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public static byte[] toByteArray3(String filePath) throws IOException {

        FileChannel fc = null;
        RandomAccessFile rf = null;
        try {
            rf = new RandomAccessFile(filePath, "r");
            fc = rf.getChannel();
            MappedByteBuffer byteBuffer = fc.map(MapMode.READ_ONLY, 0,
                    fc.size()).load();
            //System.out.println(byteBuffer.isLoaded());
            byte[] result = new byte[(int) fc.size()];
            if (byteBuffer.remaining() > 0) {
                // System.out.println("remain");
                byteBuffer.get(result, 0, byteBuffer.remaining());
            }
            return result;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw e;
        } finally {
            try {
                rf.close();
                fc.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

}
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