SpringBoot與Shiro整合-許可權管理

Brewin 發表於 2020-09-15

Subject :使用者主體(把操作交給SecurityManager)
SecurityManager:安全管理器(關聯Realm)
Realm :shiro連線資料的橋樑

shiro依賴

     <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.apache.shiro/shiro-spring -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.apache.shiro</groupId>
                <artifactId>shiro-spring</artifactId>
                <version>1.3.2</version>
            </dependency>

thymeleaf整合shiro許可權標籤

    <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.github.theborakompanioni/thymeleaf-extras-shiro -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.github.theborakompanioni</groupId>
                <artifactId>thymeleaf-extras-shiro</artifactId>
                <version>2.0.0</version>
            </dependency>

整合Mybatis

dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.alibaba/druid -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.10</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>2.0.0</version>
        </dependency>

建立UserController.java

@RequestMapping("/login")
        public String login(String name,String password,boolean rememberMe, Model model) {

             //1、獲取subject
            Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();

            //2、封裝使用者資料
            UsernamePasswordToken token = new UsernamePasswordToken(name,password,rememberMe);

            //3、執行登入方法
            try {
                //交給Realm處理--->執行它的認證方法
                subject.login(token);
                //登入成功
                return "redirect:/testThymeleaf";
            }catch (UnknownAccountException e){
                //登入失敗:使用者名稱不存在
                model.addAttribute("msg","使用者名稱不存在");
                return "user/login";
            }catch (IncorrectCredentialsException e){
                //登入失敗:密碼錯誤
                model.addAttribute("msg","密碼錯誤");
                return "user/login";
            }
        }

建立UserRealm.java

package com.brewin.shiro.config;

import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.AuthenticationException;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.AuthenticationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.AuthenticationToken;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.SimpleAuthenticationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.authc.UsernamePasswordToken;
import org.apache.shiro.authz.AuthorizationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.authz.SimpleAuthorizationInfo;
import org.apache.shiro.realm.AuthorizingRealm;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.PrincipalCollection;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

import com.brewin.shiro.domain.User;
import com.brewin.shiro.service.UserService;

public class UserRealm extends AuthorizingRealm{
    @Autowired
    private UserService userService;
    //授權邏輯
    @Override
    protected AuthorizationInfo doGetAuthorizationInfo(PrincipalCollection arg0) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        System.out.println("執行授權邏輯");
        //給資源進行授權
        SimpleAuthorizationInfo info = new SimpleAuthorizationInfo();
        //新增資源的授權字串
//        info.addStringPermission("user:update");

        //獲取當前登入使用者
        Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
        User user = (User)subject.getPrincipal();
        //System.out.println(subject.getPrincipal());
        User dbUser = userService.findById(user.getId());
       // info.addStringPermission("user:add");
        info.addStringPermission(dbUser.getPerms());
        return info;
    }
//認證邏輯
    @Override
    protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken authenticationToken) throws AuthenticationException {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        System.out.println("執行認證邏輯");
           //編寫shiro判斷邏輯,判斷使用者名稱和密碼
        UsernamePasswordToken token  =  (UsernamePasswordToken)authenticationToken;

        User user = userService.findByName(token.getUsername());

        //1、判斷使用者名稱
        if(user == null){
            //使用者名稱不存在
            return null; //shiro底層會丟擲UnKnowAccountException
        }

        //2、判斷密碼, 這裡的user是principal
        return new SimpleAuthenticationInfo(user,user.getPassword(),getName());
    }

}

分為認證與授權
建立ShiroConfig.java

@Configuration
public class ShiroConfig {
    //建立ShiroFileterFactoryBean
    @Bean
    public ShiroFilterFactoryBean getShiroFilterFactoryBean(@Qualifier("securityManager")DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager) {
        ShiroFilterFactoryBean shiroFilterFactoryBean=new ShiroFilterFactoryBean();
        //設定安全管理器
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setSecurityManager(securityManager);
        //新增shiro內建過濾器
        /**
         * anno:無需認證(登入)可以訪問
         * authc:必須認證才可以訪問
         * user:如果使用rememberMe的功能可以直接訪問
         * perms:該資源必須得到資源許可權才可以訪問
         * role:該資源必須得到角色許可權才可以訪問
         */

        Map<String,String> filterMap = new LinkedHashMap<String,String>();
        //配置記住我或認證通過可以訪問的地址
        filterMap.put("/testThymeleaf", "user");



        //設定放行頁面
        filterMap.put("/testThymeleaf","anon");
        filterMap.put("/login","anon");

        //授權過濾器
        filterMap.put("/add","perms[user:add]");
        filterMap.put("/update","perms[user:update]");
        filterMap.put("/*", "authc");

        //攔截後預設跳轉到login.jsp,修改跳轉頁面
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setLoginUrl("/toLogin");
        //設定未授權提示頁面
        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setUnauthorizedUrl("/noAuth");


        shiroFilterFactoryBean.setFilterChainDefinitionMap(filterMap);
        return shiroFilterFactoryBean;
    }

    //建立DefaultWebSecurityManager
    @Bean("securityManager")
    public DefaultWebSecurityManager getDefaultWebSecurityManager(@Qualifier("userRealm")UserRealm userRealm) {
        DefaultWebSecurityManager securityManager=new DefaultWebSecurityManager();
        //關聯Realm
        securityManager.setRealm(userRealm);
        return securityManager;
    }
    //建立Realm
    @Bean(name="userRealm")
    public UserRealm getRealm() {
        return new UserRealm();
    }

    /**
     * 配置ShiroDialect,用於thymeleaf和shiro標籤配合使用
     */
    @Bean
    public ShiroDialect getShiroDialect(){
        return new ShiroDialect();
    }

    /**
     2   * cookie物件;
     3   * rememberMeCookie()方法是設定Cookie的生成模版,比如cookie的name,cookie的有效時間等等。
     4   * @return
     5  */
     @Bean
     public SimpleCookie rememberMeCookie(){
       //System.out.println("ShiroConfiguration.rememberMeCookie()");
       //這個引數是cookie的名稱,對應前端的checkbox的name = rememberMe
       SimpleCookie simpleCookie = new SimpleCookie("rememberMe");
       //<!-- 記住我cookie生效時間30天 ,單位秒;-->
       simpleCookie.setMaxAge(259200);
       return simpleCookie;
     }

        /**
        * cookie管理物件;
        * rememberMeManager()方法是生成rememberMe管理器,而且要將這個rememberMe管理器設定到securityManager中
        * @return
       */
        @Bean
        public CookieRememberMeManager rememberMeManager(){
               //System.out.println("ShiroConfiguration.rememberMeManager()");
               CookieRememberMeManager cookieRememberMeManager = new CookieRememberMeManager();
               cookieRememberMeManager.setCookie(rememberMeCookie());
               //rememberMe cookie加密的金鑰 建議每個專案都不一樣 預設AES演算法 金鑰長度(128 256 512 位)
               cookieRememberMeManager.setCipherKey(Base64.decode("2AvVhdsgUs0FSA3SDFAdag=="));
               return cookieRememberMeManager;
         }

}

ShiroDialect與thymeleaf標籤配合使用,可僅顯示授權頁面

建立test.html頁面

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en" xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org" xmlns:shiro="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1 th:text="${title}"></h1>
<div shiro:hasPermission="user:add">
    進入使用者新增功能:<a th:href="@{/add}">使用者新增</a><br>
</div>
<div shiro:hasPermission="user:update">
    進入使用者更新功能:<a th:href="@{/update}">使用者更新</a>
</div>
<a href="/toLogin">登入</a>
</body>
</html>
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