【Azure 應用服務】Azure Function App 執行PowerShell指令[Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt]錯誤

路邊兩盞燈 發表於 2021-07-10

問題描述

使用PowerShell指令碼執行獲取Azure訂閱列表的指令(Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt)。在本地除錯後,指令成功執行。

【Azure 應用服務】Azure Function App 執行PowerShell指令[Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt]錯誤

但是當指令並執行在Azure Function時,則出現了異常:

詳細的異常資訊為

【Azure 應用服務】Azure Function App 執行PowerShell指令[Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt]錯誤

完成的錯誤資訊為: "Error getting value from 'Tags' on 'Microsoft.Azure.Commands.Profile.Models.PSAzureSubscription'."

Microsoft.Azure.WebJobs.Script.Workers.Rpc.RpcException : Result: ERROR: Error getting value from 'Tags' on 'Microsoft.Azure.Commands.Profile.Models.PSAzureSubscription'.

Exception             : 
    Type           : Newtonsoft.Json.JsonSerializationException
    TargetSite     : 
        Name          : GetValue
        DeclaringType : Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.ExpressionValueProvider
        MemberType    : Method
        Module        : Newtonsoft.Json.dll
    StackTrace     : 
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.ExpressionValueProvider.GetValue(Object target)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.CalculatePropertyValues(JsonWriter writer, Object value, JsonContainerContract contract, JsonProperty member, JsonProperty property, JsonContract& memberContract, Object& memberValue)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeObject(JsonWriter writer, Object value, JsonObjectContract contract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract collectionContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeValue(JsonWriter writer, Object value, JsonContract valueContract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract containerContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeObject(JsonWriter writer, Object value, JsonObjectContract contract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract collectionContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeValue(JsonWriter writer, Object value, JsonContract valueContract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract containerContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeDictionary(JsonWriter writer, IDictionary values, JsonDictionaryContract contract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract collectionContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeValue(JsonWriter writer, Object value, JsonContract valueContract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract containerContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeObject(JsonWriter writer, Object value, JsonObjectContract contract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract collectionContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.SerializeValue(JsonWriter writer, Object value, JsonContract valueContract, JsonProperty member, JsonContainerContract containerContract, JsonProperty containerProperty)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.JsonSerializerInternalWriter.Serialize(JsonWriter jsonWriter, Object value, Type objectType)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonSerializer.SerializeInternal(JsonWriter jsonWriter, Object value, Type objectType)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonSerializer.Serialize(JsonWriter jsonWriter, Object value, Type objectType)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObjectInternal(Object value, Type type, JsonSerializer jsonSerializer)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(Object value, Type type, Formatting formatting, JsonSerializerSettings settings)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(Object value, Formatting formatting, JsonConverter[] converters)
   at Microsoft.Azure.Commands.Common.Authentication.Models.AzureRmProfile.ToString(Boolean serializeCache)
   at Microsoft.Azure.Commands.Common.Authentication.Models.AzureRmProfile.ToString()
   at System.Management.Automation.ParameterBinderBase.CoerceTypeAsNeeded(CommandParameterInternal argument, String parameterName, Type toType, ParameterCollectionTypeInformation collectionTypeInfo, Object currentValue)
   at System.Management.Automation.ParameterBinderBase.BindParameter(CommandParameterInternal parameter, CompiledCommandParameter parameterMetadata, ParameterBindingFlags flags)
   at System.Management.Automation.CmdletParameterBinderController.BindParameter(CommandParameterInternal argument, MergedCompiledCommandParameter parameter, ParameterBindingFlags flags)
   at System.Management.Automation.CmdletParameterBinderController.BindParameter(UInt32 parameterSets, CommandParameterInternal argument, MergedCompiledCommandParameter parameter, ParameterBindingFlags flags)
   at System.Management.Automation.CmdletParameterBinderController.BindParameters(UInt32 parameterSets, Collection`1 arguments)
   at System.Management.Automation.CmdletParameterBinderController.BindCommandLineParametersNoValidation(Collection`1 arguments)
   at System.Management.Automation.CmdletParameterBinderController.BindCommandLineParameters(Collection`1 arguments)
   at System.Management.Automation.CommandProcessor.BindCommandLineParameters()
   at System.Management.Automation.CommandProcessor.Prepare(IDictionary psDefaultParameterValues)
   at System.Management.Automation.CommandProcessorBase.DoPrepare(IDictionary psDefaultParameterValues)
   at System.Management.Automation.Internal.PipelineProcessor.Start(Boolean incomingStream)
   at System.Management.Automation.Internal.PipelineProcessor.SynchronousExecuteEnumerate(Object input)
   at System.Management.Automation.PipelineOps.InvokePipeline(Object input, Boolean ignoreInput, CommandParameterInternal[][] pipeElements, CommandBaseAst[] pipeElementAsts, CommandRedirection[][] commandRedirections, FunctionContext funcContext)
   at System.Management.Automation.Interpreter.ActionCallInstruction`6.Run(InterpretedFrame frame)
   at System.Management.Automation.Interpreter.EnterTryCatchFinallyInstruction.Run(InterpretedFrame frame)
   at System.Management.Automation.Interpreter.EnterTryCatchFinallyInstruction.Run(InterpretedFrame frame)
    Message        : Error getting value from 'Tags' on 'Microsoft.Azure.Commands.Profile.Models.PSAzureSubscription'.
    Data           : System.Collections.ListDictionaryInternal
    InnerException : 
        Type       : System.ArgumentNullException
        Message    : Value cannot be null. (Parameter 'value')
        ParamName  : value
        TargetSite : 
            Name          : ArgumentNotNull
            DeclaringType : Newtonsoft.Json.Utilities.ValidationUtils, Newtonsoft.Json, Version=12.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=30ad4fe6b2a6aeed
            MemberType    : Method
            Module        : Newtonsoft.Json.dll
        StackTrace : 
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Utilities.ValidationUtils.ArgumentNotNull(Object value, String parameterName)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.DeserializeObject(String value, Type type, JsonSerializerSettings settings)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.DeserializeObject[T](String value, JsonSerializerSettings settings)
   at Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.DeserializeObject[T](String value)
   at Microsoft.Azure.Commands.Common.Authentication.Abstractions.AzureSubscriptionExtensions.GetTags(IAzureSubscription subscription)
   at lambda_method(Closure , Object )
   at Newtonsoft.Json.Serialization.ExpressionValueProvider.GetValue(Object target)
        Source     : Newtonsoft.Json
        HResult    : -2147467261
    Source         : Newtonsoft.Json
    HResult        : -2146233088
CategoryInfo          : OperationStopped: (:) [], JsonSerializationException
FullyQualifiedErrorId : Newtonsoft.Json.JsonSerializationException
InvocationInfo        : 
    ScriptLineNumber : 26
    OffsetInLine     : 1
    HistoryId        : -1
    ScriptName       : D:\home\site\wwwroot\HttpTrigger1\run.ps1
    Line             : $subs = Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt
                       
    PositionMessage  : At D:\home\site\wwwroot\HttpTrigger1\run.ps1:26 char:1
                       + $subs = Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt
                       + ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    PSScriptRoot     : D:\home\site\wwwroot\HttpTrigger1
    PSCommandPath    : D:\home\site\wwwroot\HttpTrigger1\run.ps1
    CommandOrigin    : Internal
ScriptStackTrace      : at <ScriptBlock>, D:\home\site\wwwroot\HttpTrigger1\run.ps1: line 26

 

問題分析及臨時解決方案

對比以上本地可以成功執行,而在Azure Function中確出現JSON格式解析錯誤,所以排查PowerShell指令碼錯誤問題。 那麼就定位在執行指令碼的環境問題。

第一步:排查PowerShell版本,及az 模組的版本

通過 $PSVersionTable 打出PowerShell版本,通過 Get-InstalledModule -name az 和 Get-InstalledModule -name az.* 列印出當前環境的版本號。

【Azure 應用服務】Azure Function App 執行PowerShell指令[Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt]錯誤

 

 經過對比,發現本地VM與Azure Function中Powershell和az 模組的版本都不同.  

第二步:尋找臨時的解決方案

由於Azure Function中PowerShell的版本從平臺級別無法更改(可以修改PS指令碼中所使用的az模組版本,修改方式見附件一)。所以主要的尋找發向為:基於現在的版本,從Get-Azsubscription指令本身來尋找Workaround呢?檢視Get-Azsubscription指令,發現它使用的是當前登入使用者的許可權去獲取所有的訂閱號,指定TenantID是表明只獲取當前TenantID下的所有訂閱號。而引數DefaultProfile也是隻攜帶使用者認證資訊,與當前登入的使用者所有的認證資訊重複。

Get-AzSubscription

Get subscriptions that the current account can access

-TenantId

Specifies the ID of the tenant that contains subscriptions to get

-DefaultProfile

The credentials, tenant and subscription used for communication with azure

如果不新增-DefaultProfile引數,是否同樣由異常呢? 經過驗證執行成功並返回結果正確。所以作為Workaround的程式碼為:

# Write to the Azure Functions log stream.
Write-Host "PowerShell HTTP trigger function processed a request."

$User = "XXXXXXXXXXXXXxxxxxxxx"
$PWord = ConvertTo-SecureString -String "XXXXXXXXXXXXXxxxxxxxx" -AsPlainText -Force
$Credential = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential($User, $PWord)

Connect-AzAccount -Environment AzureChinaCloud -Credential $Credential

Write-Host "login successfully"

$tenantID = "xxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx"
$cxt = Set-AzContext -Tenant $tenantID
write-host $cxt


write-host "no defaultprofile"
Write-Host "Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID"
#$subs = Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt
Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID
write-host "========================="
write-host $subs

 

附件一:在Azure Funciton中修改az的版本號為5.2.0, 問題也得到解決。

在Azure Function 門戶頁面,點選“App Service Editor (Preview)” 目錄,進入Editor頁面,在檔案requirements.psd1檔案中,修改az的版本號為5.2.0. 儲存後,回到Azure Function頁面。重啟Function. 修改頁面如下:

【Azure 應用服務】Azure Function App 執行PowerShell指令[Get-Azsubscription -TenantId $tenantID -DefaultProfile $cxt]錯誤

 

結論: 解決辦法有兩種

  1. 修改az的版本號為5.2.0,修改辦法見附件一
  2. 修改Get-Azsubscription指令,去掉引數 -DefaultProfile $cxt

 

 

參考資料

Get-AzSubscription : https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/module/az.accounts/get-azsubscription?view=azps-6.2.0