laravel8.0 + vue 安裝

Vckin 發表於 2021-04-20

建立專案laravel

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel fl_app

composer install

php artisan key:generate

安裝node

yum install wget
wget https://nodejs.org/dist/v12.18.3/node-v12.18.3-linux-x64.tar.xz
#得到 一個包 node-v12.18.3-linux-x64.tar
 xz -d node-v12.18.3-linux-x64.tar.xz
#得到一個目錄 node-v12.18.3-linux-x64
 tar -xvf node-v12.18.3-linux-x64.tar
切換到node bin目錄 一共有三個檔案 node npm  npx 
src]# cd node-v12.18.3-linux-x64/bin/
[[email protected]VM-0-4-centos bin]# ll
total 47508
-rwxr-xr-x 1 work work 48646656 Jul 22 23:00 node
lrwxrwxrwx 1 work work       38 Jul 22 23:00 npm -> ../lib/node_modules/npm/bin/npm-cli.js
lrwxrwxrwx 1 work work       38 Jul 22 23:00 npx -> ../lib/node_modules/npm/bin/npx-cli.js
[[email protected]VM-0-4-centos bin]# 
執行命令檢視 node 版本
# ./node -v
v12.18.3
[[email protected]VM-0-4-centos bin]# 
截止目前為止表示node 已經可用了, 下一步是要讓 node 命令全域性可用

軟連線

我的node 放在 /usr/local/src 目錄下 
ln -s /usr/local/src/node-v12.18.3-linux-x64/bin/node /usr/bin/node
ln -s /usr/local/src/node-v12.18.3-linux-x64/bin/npm /usr/bin/npm
ln -s /usr/local/src/node-v12.18.3-linux-x64/bin/npx /usr/bin/npx

任意目錄 任意使用者 執行:
[[email protected]VM-0-4-centos ~]# node -v
v12.18.3
[[email protected]VM-0-4-centos ~]$ node -v
v12.18.3

表示完成
npm install
npm audit fix
npm audit fix npm audit fix --force npm audit
npm audit
npm install

改造laravel歡迎介面檢視 resources/views/welcome.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">
   <head>
       <meta charset="utf-8">
       <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

       <title>Laravel</title>

       <!--1、 引入支援 Bootstrap 的 CSS 樣式檔案 -->
       <link href="{{ asset('css/app.css') }}" rel="stylesheet">

   </head>
   <body>
     <div id="app">
         <div>
      <!-- 3、使用元件 -->
           <example-component></example-component>
         </div>
     </div>  

    <!-- 2、引入支援Vue框架和Vue元件的app.js檔案 -->
     <script src="{{ asset('js/app.js') }}"></script>
   </body>
</html>

安裝完成後,Vue元件和JS檔案在resources/js目錄下;

入口檔案resources/js/app.js檔案

/**
 * First we will load all of this project's JavaScript dependencies which * includes Vue and other libraries. It is a great starting point when * building robust, powerful web applications using Vue and Laravel. */
require('./bootstrap');

window.Vue = require('vue').default;

/**
 * The following block of code may be used to automatically register your * Vue components. It will recursively scan this directory for the Vue * components and automatically register them with their "basename". * * Eg. ./components/ExampleComponent.vue -> <example-component></example-component> */
// const files = require.context('./', true, /\.vue$/i)
// files.keys().map(key => Vue.component(key.split('/').pop().split('.')[0], files(key).default))

Vue.component('example-component', require('./components/ExampleComponent.vue').default);
//Vue.component('example-component', require('./components/DemoComponent.vue').default);

/**
 * Next, we will create a fresh Vue application instance and attach it to * the page. Then, you may begin adding components to this application * or customize the JavaScript scaffolding to fit your unique needs. */
const app = new Vue({
    el: '#app',
});

執行

npm run dev

實時編譯

現在的情況是,每改動一次Vue元件就要重新執行npm run dev,這樣非常麻煩;

可以使用npm run watch命令編譯前端資源,每改動一次就會自動進行重新編譯

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